Banteay Meanchey is located in the northwest of the country, bordering Thailand to the north and west. Neighboring provinces are Oddar Meancheay to the northeast, Siem Reap to the east, and Battambang to the south. To the west is the Thai province Sa Kaeo, to the north Buriram.
Poipet is a town on the Thailand/Cambodia border. It is a key crossing point between the two countries, and also extremely popular as a gambling destination as gambling is popular, but illegal in Thailand. There is a strip of casinos and hotels between the Thai and Cambodian passport control counters, enabling Thais to gamble in Cambodia without needing to go through Cambodian immigration.
Poipet is adjacent to the city of Aranya Pratet on the Thai side of the border.
In the 17th century Siam took control over Cambodia, and made the area of the modern province part of Sisophon Province. In 1907 Siam had to cede control to the French, and it was then included into Battambang Province.
In 1988 the province Banteay Meanchey was split off from Battambang, originally consisting of the five districts Mongkol Borei, Thmar Pouk, Serei Sophorn, Preah Netpreah and Phnom Srok.
- 0102 Mongkol Borei (មង្គលបុរី)
- 0103 Phnum Srok (ភ្នំស្រុក)
- 0104 Preah Netr Preah (ព្រះនេត្រព្រះ)
- 0105 Ou Chrov (អូរជ្រៅ)
- 0106 Serei Saophoan (សិរីសោភ័ណ)
- 0107 Thma Puok (ថ្មពួក)
- 0108 Svay Chek (ស្វាយចេក)
- 0109 Malaii (ម៉ាល័យ)